Perfectil® Plus Skin
Perfectil® Plus Nails
Perfectil® Plus Hair
Perfectil® Plus Protan
The maximum support in the Perfectil® range
From the UK's No.1 comprehensive beauty formula, Perfectil® Max provides the ultimate beauty support from the Perfectil® range, for women who want the absolute best for their skin, hair and nails.
The convenient 2-in-1 pack complements your daily beauty regime, providing micro-nutrient tablets for skin, hair and nail health including Selenium, Zinc, Biotin and B-vitamins, plus a separate Nutri-Dermal™ capsule which includes nutrients; Omega-3, Lutein Esters and Lycopene plus extra Biotin for skin health.
Targeting 3 areas of beauty for maximum support:
Beauty really is skin deep, and Vitabiotics knows only too well that what you put inside your body has an enormous impact on your internal health and your outer appearance. Perfectil® Max works by delivering nourishment -at the very deepest level- via the bloodstream for utilisation by the dermal layer of the skin, at the hair follicles and nail beds.
The formula includes nutrients targeted specifically at skin health including biotin, zinc, iodine, riboflavin and niacin which contribute to the maintenance of normal skin. The formula also includes Vitamin C which contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of skin.
Perfectil® Max has been developed by experts in nutrition for all round health and vitality, as well as contributing to the maintenance of normal hair. The changes which occur as we age, as well as an inadequate diet, stress, hair styling and lifestyle, can all have an impact on hair growth and condition of our hair. It includes Selenium and Zinc which contribute to the maintenance of normal hair.
By nourishing tissue in the nail matrix and bed, this specialist Perfectil® Max formula includes nutrients specifically targeted at nail health including Selenium which contributes to the maintenance of normal nails.
All round health
The Perfectil® Max formula has been developed to support all round general health and wellbeing and includes Vitamin C and copper to contribute to the normal function of the immune system and iron which contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue. Because Perfectil® Max is so comprehensive, there is no need to take an additional multivitamin.
Perfectil® Max is available in the UK from Boots, Superdrug, Tesco, Supermarkets, Pharmacies and health stores including Holland and Barrett. Alternatively order online here.
Perfectil® Max Formula
|Nutritional Information||Average per 2 tablets||% EC RDA*|
|Horsetail Botanical Extract|
|Equisetum arvense L.||200 mg||-|
|Grape Seed Extract||15 mg||-|
|Co-enzyme Q10||5 mg||-|
|Natural Mixed Carotenoids||2 mg||-|
|Citrus Bioflavonoids||15 mg||-|
|Vitamin D (D3 800 IU)||20 µg||400|
|Vitamin E||40 mg α-TE||333|
|Vitamin C||80 mg||100|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)||8 mg||727|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||4 mg||286|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||18 mg NE||113|
|Vitamin B6||10 mg||714|
|Folic Acid||400 µg||200|
|Vitamin B12||20 µg||800|
|Pantothenic Acid||40 mg||667|
|*RDA = Recommended Daily Allowance, µg = microgram
mg = milligram, IU = International Units.
|Average per capsule||% EC RDA*|
|Omega-3 Fish Oil||300 mg||-|
|DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid)||150 mg||-|
|EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid)||30 mg||-|
|Lutein Esters||6 mg||-|
|Starflower Oil||200 mg||-|
|Blackcurrant Seed Oil||50 mg||-|
|Omega-6 Fatty Acids||121 mg|
|Lycopene Extract||6 mg||-|
|Co-enzyme Q10||5 mg||-|
|*RDA = Recommended Daily Allowance, µg = microgram
mg = milligram, IU = International Units.
Directions for use
Two tablets (Red Blister) per day plus
Swallow each with water or a cold drink and take with a main meal. Not to be chewed. Do not exceed the recommended intake. Only to be taken on a full stomach.
|This product is blister packed to keep each capsule fresh by reducing exposure to the atmosphere.|
|Perfectil® Max does not contain any drugs or hormones and is produced to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards of quality control, beyond those normally required for food supplements.|
Perfectil® Max FAQ
Perfectil® Max has been developed for those who are looking for the ultimate support in the Perfectil® range to maintain the health of skin, hair & nails.
· Perfectil® Max dual pack contains multi-nutrient tablet with over 25 important vitamins and minerals including selenium, zinc, biotin and B-vitamins.
· The seperate Nutri-Dermal™ capsule contains ingredients including essential Omega-3 plus Biotin which contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
· Specialist nutrients include Grape Seed Extract, Horsetail Extract, MSM and Co-enzyme Q10.[Top]
Perfectil® Max provides the ultimate support in the Perfectil® range for the 3 areas of beauty; skin, hair and nail health. The below provides a quick summary of each product in the range:
- Perfectil® Original is a one-a-day tablet formula targeting skin, hair & nail health with over 20 nutrients.
- Perfectil® Plus Skin combines the original Perfectil tablet formula with a specialist Nutri-Dermal™ capsule with Biotin which contributes to the maintenance of normal skin.
- Perfectil® Plus Nails provides nutrients important to nail health including extra selenium which contributes to the maintenance of normal nails.
- Perfectil® Max formula includes a multi-nutrient tablet with over 25 nutrients plus a Nutri-Dermal™ capsule for the ultimate support in skin, hair and nail health.
- Perfectil® Platinum provides the Ultimate TimeDefy™ formula in the Perfectil range for skin health. [Top]
Perfectil® Max is recommended for those who are looking for the maximum support for skin, hair & nails, from their multivitamin supplement. Perfectil® Max replaces your daily multivitamin and mineral supplement, and can be used for as long as required.[Top]
During pregnancy, we would only recommend a multivitamin supplement specially formulated for pregnancy, such as Pregnacare®, Pregnacare® Plus or Pregnacare® Max (from Vitabiotics), all of which contain a careful combination of vitamins and minerals, specially developed for use throughout the whole of pregnancy, and also whilst breast-feeding.[Top]
Generally, Perfectil® Max may be used along-side medications because it contains only moderate levels of vitamins and minerals, and it is free of any drugs or hormones. For specific advice on taking Perfectil® Max with medicines, we recommend that you contact your doctor or pharmacist first.[Top]
Perfectil Max® contains 56 multivitamin tablets and 28 Nutri-Dermal™ capsules (28 days supply).[Top]
Two Perfectil® tablets and one Nutri-Dermal™ capsule per day are recommended with your main meal. Swallow with water or a cold drink. Taking Perfectil® Max with a large meal maximises the absorption of the nutrients, and can reduce nausea, which is sometimes experienced if multivitamins are taken on an empty stomach. Perfectil® Max should only be taken on a full stomach. Always ensure that Perfectil® Max is taken with plenty of liquid to wash the tablet and capsule down, and not tea or coffee as this may cause them to disintegrate too early.[Top]
A regular intake is recommended, but if you miss a day, don’t worry, this will not have done any harm. Simply take Perfectil® Max on the next day when you remember, and take as directed. You should not take more than the recommended amount on subsequent days to make up for any day/s that you have missed. Whilst it is important to take a supplement every day, if you miss one day this is fine because the beneficial effects of the vitamins and minerals build over time.[Top]
Perfectil® Max has no known side effects when taken as directed. Do not exceed the recommended tablet and capsule intake. In case of overdose, seek medical advice immediately.[Top]
Perfectil® Max contains the following active ingredients per tablet:
Horsetail Botanical Extract 200mg; MSM 200mg; Grape Seed Extract 15mg; Co-Enzyme Q10 5mg; L-Methionine 30mg; L-Cystine 30mg; Natural Mixed Carotenoids 2mg; Citrus Bioflavonoids 15mg; Vitamin D (as D3 800 IU) 20mcg; Vitamin E 40mg; Vitamin C 80mg; Thiamin 8mg; Riboflavin 4mg; Niacin 18mg; Vitamin B6 10mg; Folic Acid 400mcg; Vitamin B12 20mcg; Biotin 150mcg; Pantothenic Acid 40mg; Calcium 400mg; Magnesium 75mg; Iron 14mg; Zinc 15mg; Copper 1000 mcg; Manganese 2mg; Selenium 165mcg; Chromium 40mcg; Iodine 200mcg. Nutri-Dermal™ capsule provides: Omega 3 Fish Oil 300 mg Providing: DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) 150 mg EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) 30 mg; Lutein Esters 6 mg; Starflower Oil 200 mg; Blackcurrant Seed Oil 50 mg together providing: Omega-6 Fatty Acids 121 mg; Lycopene Extract 6 mg; Co-enzyme Q10 5 mg.[Top]
Results vary amongst individuals, but in most cases we would expect the beneficial effects of the vitamins, minerals and nutrients in Perfectil® Max to build over several weeks, with noticeable results in one to three months. A regular intake is recommended. There is no maximum length of time over which Perfectil® Max may be used.[Top]
No Perfectil® Max is not suitable for vegetarians as it contains fish oil in a pharmaceutical grade gelatin capsule. Adults can obtain DHA and EPA indirectly through the conversion of the essential fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), present in vegetable oils such as linseed but this process is very inefficient. Perfectil® Max contains fish oil as it provides a much more reliable, direct source of DHA & EPA.[Top]
Difficulty in swallowing tablets is quite a common experience. Vitabiotics have researched this extensively, trying different methods, and hope that our tips will help you swallow tablets with ease.
The usual advice for those who have difficulty in swallowing tablets, is to break the tablets into 2-3 pieces, before swallowing with plenty of liquid. For capsules (which contain liquid), and in cases where people have more difficulty in swallowing tablets we recommend after chewing some food (e.g. banana), just before you swallow, pop the tablet into your mouth and swallow it together with the chewed food, followed by some liquid. The throat opens up wider automatically to swallow the chewed food and hence the tablet should go down with greater ease. Alternatively the tablets or capsules may be swallowed with thicker liquids such as yoghurts or smoothies. We hope these tips are of help.[Top]
Certain vitamins are very safe at levels tens or even hundreds of times the RDA, whereas for others the safety level is much closer to the RDA. For this reason every vitamin and mineral needs to considered on an individual basis in terms of its upper safe level.
The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) is the amount of a vitamin or mineral which has been calculated to help prevent basic deficiency states in the general population. However, certain vitamins and minerals at optimal levels, above the RDA, have consistently been shown to have positive benefits in specific areas of health. This is why some Vitabiotics formulas have certain nutrient levels greater than 100% RDA.
All Vitabiotics products has been developed using the latest research and contain effective levels of vitamins and minerals, while avoiding any excessive amounts, in accordance with official upper safe limits for vitamins and minerals.
Vitabiotics avoids 'mega dose’ levels of isolated nutrients and instead we have always stressed the importance of safe, moderate and sensible levels of vitamins and minerals, carefully balanced to maximise their combined effect; an approach which has been supported by many experts and researchers over the years.[Top]
"I have only been taking this product for three weeks now but I have already begun to see a marked improvement in my nails, hair, and skin. I will continue to use this product. Thanks Perfectil !"
Ms Rhonda , , Barbados
"this tablets is miracle.. i only used for 10 days i can see the difference already. thanks for perfectil xx ;)"
Miss baby25 baby25, London, United Kingdom
"at I am very impressed with this product. I am 56 years old and have never been able to grow my nails. I have been taking Perfectil for 2 months and now my nails are strong and lovely. As a bonus my hair and skin are in the best condition they have ever been. I will keep on using this product in the future. Thank you"
Mrs T S, Nottingham, United Kingdom
"Hi, I just wanted to say how happy I am with Perfectil. I started taking them almost 2 years ago when I suffered from hair loss. I had tried everything else without success, but within 3 months of taking Perfectil triple active my hair was growing back. It is now back to normal but I don’t think I’ll ever stop taking them, my general health has improved and I’m pretty sure its down to Perfectil. thank you so much for this wonderful product. I work in the beauty industry and I often meet ladies who are going through problems with hair loss and I tell them all to use this product. It genuinely works. Thank you."
Mrs J D, Galway, Ireland
"After taking Perfectil Platinum for 2 weeks I can honestly say my skin is positively looking 100% improved and looks so smooth and amazing. It is great to wake up every day and see my skin is even more glowing and fresh."
Ms B Smith, Southampton , United Kingdom
"For more than 3 years, I have been purchasing Vitabiotics healthcare supplements for myself and my family. Two months ago, I tried Perfectil Platinum. Results are amazing. Perfectil Platinum has helped me maintain skin radiance and elasticity despite huge lose of weight! Thank you, Vitabiotics!"
D K, Kaunas , Lithuania
"Perfectil is an amazing product which I have been using for more than 10 years and I can truly say that this is a miracle in a box! It does exactly what it says on the box and the results are that it’s taken years off my real age."
Mrs F S, Leicester , United Kingdom
"I've been using Perfectil for just 2weeks and my skin is almost perfect. Thank you for this product!"
Mrs Freda Lambert, Accra, Ghana
"I cannot believe what a difference Perfectil has made in such a short space of time! My nails are long and strong and my hair is in really good condition. Perfectil was recommended to me by my hairdresser - and I've recommended them to all my friends!"
Mrs Lynn Brown, Mansfield, United Kingdom
"I have been taking Perfectil for the past 2 weeks and i can't imagine the change in my skin. I'm so happy - thanks to Vitabiotics!"
Mrs E Y, Oslo, Norway
"I started using this product on 29th December 2009 and today, 16th March I've noticed a difference in my skin and nails! My nails are the longest they have ever been in years (last time was during my pregnancy ten years ago!) Thank you"
Miss Debbie Callender, London, United Kingdom
"I have been using Perfectil for 30 days. I can't believe how clear and healthy looking my skin is. What a difference i am recommending this product to all my friends!"
Mrs H B, Swansea, United Kingdom
"I have only been using Perfectil for one and a half months!! What a difference to my hair, skin & nails in such a short time. Just a brilliant product. Pity I didn't start using it earlier. A must!!"
Mrs A M, Larisa, Greece
"I have been taking Perfectil for 11 months now and the change in my skin is amazing. Since 15 (now 34!) I had tried everything. I saw these and got some and have never looked back. My nails are also growing, without breaking, for the first time ever and my hair is better too. I would recommend these to anybody. I have skin confidence for the first time in a long time :-) I have now started taking Perfectil Plus, as I'm getting older, due to the content of EFA's and Omega oils, something which my diet lacks. So hopefully I'll look even better!!! Thank God for these vitamins!"
Mrs C N, Norwich, United Kingdom
"I have been using Perfectil for the last 3 years and the results are amazing. Since using Perfectil, my skin is completely clear. I do not even need to use foundation or powder."
Miss S G, London, United Kingdom
"I am writing to say thanks.My skin has always been nice and shiny but my hair has been a real disaster after having my first child.I have been using perfectil for 4 months and it had an amazing effect on my hairs and nails.I am very happy that I have chosen to be a Perfectil customer."
Mrs L K, London, United Kingdom
"I have been using Perfectil for 2 months now and have seen a very big difference in my skin and especially my hair. Since using Perfectil, my complexion has become flawless. My hair was also very brittle, it is now so thick and grows so fast, even my hairdresser has commented on how strong my hair has become."
Ms Samantha Freckleton, Birmingham, United Kingdom
"Hello, I just had to write this email to tell you how wonderful Perfectil is. I have to take very strong medication and for a long time I was losing a lot of my hair, I tried everything from pills to specialist shampoo, spent a small fortune and had no results. Then spotted your product and tried it for a few months and my hair is fuller and healthier than before. I just wanted to say this product is a miracle for me and I will always continue to take it."
Mrs Alison Mappleback, London, United Kingdom
"I have been using Perfectil for the last 2 months. I am impressed that my nails and skin are much better. I am also going to the gym 3 times a week but I have never seen such a radiant glow on my skin. My hair is very brittle and dry but it is getting better. I hope it will help my hair as well. I will be taking these tablets for a very long time."
Mrs Laila Nadeem, London, United Kingdom
"Just like to say a big thank you to Perfectil. I have suffered from hair loss at the age of 24 so i started to use Perfectil. My hair looks more healthy and has a healthy shine. Many thanks again."
Mr Keith Brown, Cheltenham, United Kingdom
"First time I have purchased Perfectil but I am most impressed with the outcome. After 1 week I can see a marked difference in my nails. Thank you."
Mrs Sheila Dunn, Fife, United Kingdom
"I wrote to you before about your wonderful hair and nail vitamins. Well I have taken them for about 6 months and my nails are wonderful, almost can’t keep up with them they were so weak before. My nails have never been so good, they are long and hard and need constant filing!"
Mrs Christine Hughes, Kent, United Kingdom
"I am writing to tell you how wonderful your Perfectil hair & nail tablets have been for me. My hair has completely changed and is now much thicker and I am now taking them everyday and so very pleased- thank you so much."
Mrs Christine Hughes, Kent, United Kingdom
"I first started taking Perfectil about a year and a half ago and couldnt believe the results the appearance of my skin, hair and nails improved within a few weeks. Thanks"
Miss Janet Smith, London, United Kingdom
"I am going through the menopause at the age of 45 and have been for the last 2/3 years. It was suggested to me that I should start to take Perfectil for skin hair and nails. I am on my 2nd pack of 30 tablets and I have noticed an improvement in the thickness of my hair."
Mrs Angela Blanchard, London, United Kingdom
"I felt I must write to tell you how brilliant your product Perfectil is. I have been taking Perfectil for about four months now and have seen so much difference in my hair and nails. My nails were very brittle and would not grow. Also my hair was quite fine. Since taking the tablets I have seen a big difference. My hair seems to have become thicker, growing lovely and my nails, although not quite talons, are growing beautifully."
Mrs Rita Mooney, Liverpool, United Kingdom
"Perfectil has really worked well for me. My hair was brittle and always breaking because in the winter, I normally keep it in plates and this can take its toll on my hair. But since I started taking Perfectil, my hair has improved dramatically and is stronger and has a healthy shine. It has also helped my nails to grow and my skin has a wonderful glow which my friends and partner have all commented on. I'd recommend it to anyone!!!!!"
Miss Coco Ezekiels, Dumfries, United Kingdom
"I have been using Perfectil for 1 month and I am so happy that it really helped the quality of my hair. I was having problem of hairloss. My hair looks healthy.Thank you very much PERFECTIL. "
Mr Rajesh Mishra, London, United Kingdom
"During the past couple of years, my skin has not been what it used to be. I decided to try Perfectil a week ago, and the differences made to my skin were almost instant. I feel much happier now. My hair is also in a lot better condition, so thanks!"
Miss M Mitchell, Birmingham, United Kingdom
"I tried many products but no luck. Some Skin Specialist advised to take PERFECTIL. A lot of Thanks to PERFECTIL. "
Mr A M Mughal, Lahore, Pakistan
"Bought this product after having a nasty experience with a dodgy nail bar which ruined my nails, after using them for 4 weeks I can already notice the difference, my nails are growing and are getting back their strength, not to mention my hair feels thicker and is always shiny and my skin hasn't had the usual monthly break out when my period is due - its magic - thanks Perfectil"
Miss Tanya Rees, London, United Kingdom
"I have a history of very sensitive skin .I took Perfectil some time ago and felt that my skin was very healthy at that point although I could not believe that Perfectil was the main reason...I then stopped and restarted 3 weeks ago , and I can honestly say the results are amazing .. "
Mrs Liz Addison, Edinburgh , United Kingdom
"I recently started taking Perfectil. It has really done a great job. My skin & nails look much better. Keep up your good job. "
Mr Deepthi Robin, Ahmadi, Kuwait
"I have been taking Perfectil for around 6 months now. A while back I saw a magazine advertising Perfectil and it said all the supermodels were taking so I though its got to be half decent. I never noticed much improvement for about a month apart from my nails were slight stronger, but as all beauty treatments, I thought you should use them for 3 months to notice the difference. After 3 months there were improvements in my nails and skin, my hair was stronger too. Imagine all the improvements now I've been taking them for six months. For years I have been looking for creams, serums, strentheners eg. to make me look better, we all take them, lets face it we spend huge amounts of money on them, but Perfectil isn't fancy creams and that, it's way better. I didn't think like tablets help inprove the way you look until I heard of Perfectil. Listen to one thing I've got to say, save your money and treat your self, don't get all these fancy things, just buy a box of Perfectil. It is an excellent product. Oh and one last thing, no it's not like taking medication. "
Ms P B, London, United Kingdom
"I have an extremely busy lifestyle, I hardly have time to cleanse, tone and moisturise most of the time, never have a manicure to make my nails stronger as they are weak and don't use leave in conditioners. I was talking to a mate of mine a while back who has the same problem but she always looks well pampered and she was talking about Perfectil. That evening I went out and bought some, thinking I might give it a try but it might not work. I have been using Perfectils for around 3 and a half months now and the results are amazing. Everyone always asks me where I buy my face cream and nail strengthener from. Its not like taking medication or anything and I recommend it to everyone. They are really cheap compared to all these fancy products, plus you need to buy different types for all that Perfectil does. If you have the same problem as me buy some and if you haven't still buy some. You will be screaming with joy at the difference... "
Ms S W, London, United Kingdom
"Dear Spirit, (Superdrug magazine) At long last I have the lovely-looking, just manicured nails that I’ve always dreamed of. Thanks to your article and promotion in the Nov/December issue. I think it was in ‘Spirit loves’. I’ve always had horrible short nails, as I just couldn’t stop biting them, and they would never grow. Even my skin and complexion is bright and clear. Also, I don’t have to worry about taking specific vitamins and minerals, this wonder product helps maintain healthy skin, hair and nails plus it has all the vitamins you can think of. You mentioned that if you start now, by the summer you will have something to smile about but I have the proof already after 3 ½ months. So I’d like to say THANKS FOR RECOMMENDING PERFECTIL!!! I don’t know what I’d do without it! Cheers, Ms S M, London. PS- keep up the good work. "
Ms S M, London, United Kingdom
"Perfectil is Great..."
Ms S Murray, London, United Kingdom
"I was very keen on trying out various health supplements but never seemed to notice any benefit, so I stopped taking them. I was a little dubious about trying yet 'another' product but as I felt low and was looking old for my age, I eventually decided to try your Menopace and Perfectil tablets. I am so glad I did, because after only 3 weeks I started to feel so much happier and more energetic. After 10 weeks everyone says I look ten years younger! Can this really be due to your tablets? I will only know the answer if I stop taking them but I am not taking the chance! There is only one person who thinks more highly of your products than I do and that is my husband! "
Mrs Mary Brett, London, United Kingdom
"Hi. I am really pleased with the product Perfectil."
Mrs Lalitha Nimmane., Dubai, United Arab Emirates
"“I am now 65 and my skin is very good; I have a good head of hair, and I am always being complimented on my nails which are long, strong and look terrific. Needless to say this is due to taking Perfectil, so I recommend everyone to take them. I am.” "
Mrs B B. , Bucks, United Kingdom
"I am 16 and have recently started taking one of your range of vitamin products, PERFECTIL, and I just wanted to say how good they are! In the short time I have been taking them, I have noticed a dramatic improvement in the state of my nails, and my skin and hair also seem healthier. I have had great trouble in the past with weak hair and nails, and poor skin condition, so I wanted to thank you very much for how much your product has helped me. I am very grateful to you for making this possible, and I would recommend this product to anyone. Thank you again. "
Ms C B, Devon, United Kingdom
"Dear Vitabiotics, About two years ago, my nails started to split, tear and were really unsightly. I tried many different very expensive creams to no avail, then about a year ago I found Perfectil in Superdrug. After taking Perfectil for only 6 weeks, my nails started to grow much stronger, and stopped splitting and breaking. Needless to say, I am thrilled to bits with the result, and I don’t think a day goes by without someone commenting on my nails, and asking how I managed to get them to grow as long, and strong as they are. I am sure your sales of Perfectil must have increased in the last 6 months or so, as I have recommended it to so many people - Sales assistants, friends and family. By the way, my hair and skin isn’t too bad either - considering I am over 60!! "
Mrs Brenda Brooks, Birmingham, United Kingdom
"Dear Vitabiotics, I have been meaning to write to you for a couple of months but can put it off no longer as I really feel I have to congratulate you on your wonderful product PERFECTIL. I started taking these tablets about six months ago and now wouldn’t do without them. I am 56 yrs old. I decided to try Perfectil and I have to say, skin is pink and soft again, longest nails I’ve ever had and my hair is thick like it used to be. I can only put this down to these ‘great little pills’. Please,please don’t stop making them and take them off the market. This is the first letter I’ve ever written to a company about this product so you can see that’s a fair reflection on how I feel. Great! Your Satisfied Customer, "
Mrs Ann Carter, Nottingham, United Kingdom